Spanish Lesson 11: Feelings

Bienvenidos a la clase de español.

Today we’re going to discuss our feelings.  A couple of months ago we went through a list of common greetings in conversational Spanish.  In that list we looked at how to say “How are you?” and how to give a couple quick responses to that question.  Check out that post here.


Let’s practice asking, “How are you?”

¿Cómo estás?   The informal/ friendly version
¿Cómo está usted? The formal/ polite version
¿Cómo están? Used when speaking to more than one person


¿Cómo estás? is used to ask “How are you?”  BUT

  • The same question can be used to enquire after how someone else is. To do this you would ask.

¿Cómo está tu mamá? How is your mom?

Mi mamá está bien.


  • To ask about more than one person you would say:

¿Cómo están los niños (the children)?

Los niños están muy bien gracias.


  • The other expressions/ adjectives would change to agree with the gender and number of persons being referred to.

Por ejemplo | For Example:

      ¿Cómo está tu abuela (grandmother)?

       Mi abuela está muy ocupada. (busy)

       ¿Cómo están los niños?

       Los niños están muy cansados. (tired)


Grammar Note:

Masculine, plural adjectives are used with masculine, plural nouns. Feminine plural adjectives are used with feminine plural nouns.

Most adjectives end in “o” when describing men and “a” when describing women. But there are exceptions!

Don’t worry, we’ll explore adjectives and agreements in the next lesson.


Answering the Question

While emojis are a fun way to express how you are feeling, maybe you’d like to learn how to express those emotions in Spanish too.  Here is a list of common emotions and answers you can give when someone asks you, ¿Cómo estás?

Amused Entrentenido
Annoyed/ Angry Enojado
Bad Mal
Bored Aburrido
Busy Ocupado
Depressed Deprimido
Disappointed Decepcionado
Energetic/ active Energético
Excited Entusiasmado
Frustrated Frustrado
Happy Contento/ Feliz
Nomal Regular
Peaceful/ clam Relajada
Sad Triste
Sick Enfermo
Stressed Estresado
Thoughtful Contemplativo
Tired Cansado
Upset Molesto
Worried Preocupado


So, can you tell me how you are feeling today?

¿Cómo estás?


Next Lesson: Using Adjectives in Spanish


Pin It!

Cómo estás: Spanish lesson on Mood


If you enjoyed this post please LIKE or SHARE.  To learn more about Spanish Language, Latin American history and culture, FOLLOW Over The Andes today via WordPress or Facebook or subscribe to my mailing list.


  1. Diana Tyler (Eccentric Muse) September 28, 2018 at 11:00 am

    Relajada! 😁I enjoyed this lesson, Kim. I have to print your lessons so I can go it over in my spare time for it helps a lot. Thank you and have a blessed weekend.

    1. K D September 28, 2018 at 11:33 am

      Aww Diana… That’s a wonderful compliment. I’m so glad you find them useful! Some of it comes from my lesson plans as well.

      1. Diana Tyler (Eccentric Muse) September 28, 2018 at 1:48 pm

        They’re very useful and I appreciate you posting them.

  2. Dani Kay October 5, 2018 at 1:10 pm

    Love these lessons! I think I told you before I was pretty good with my lessons before my trip to Costa Rica and I really need to get back into it!! Your posts are such great reminders and refreshers

    1. K D October 10, 2018 at 1:19 pm

      I’m glad they’re useful. 🙂
      Maybe you should plan another Central American trip and sign up for an immersion course 😉


Leave A Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *