Spanish Lesson 13: Nouns and Gender in Spanish


What is this gender business? How is it related to language?

In romance languages, of which Spanish is one, nouns are either masculine or feminine. We can sometimes (but certainly not always) tell whether a word is masculine or feminine by looking at its ending. There is a very wide generalisation that words ending in ‘a’ are feminine and words that end in ‘o’ are masculine. However, there are far too many exceptions to that rule to make it a reliable yardstick. Thankfully, there are a few narrower generalisations; exceptions still exist but they are markedly fewer. Look at the charts below.

Words that end in L, O, N, E, R or S are most often masculine.


Guidelines for feminine words are as follows:

rules for feminine words

For more info on gender and word endings check out Grámatica intensiva.

We’re also going to spending time with our friend Señor Jordan today as he has some really useful videos on this subject, like this one:


Definite and Indefinite Articles

If a word is masculine or feminine, that also determines what definite and indefinite articles are used in front of them.

What are definite and indefinite articles you ask? provides a very clear explanation…

Articles are words that define a noun as specific (definite) or unspecific (indefinite). Consider the following examples:

After the long day, the cup of tea tastes particularly good.

— By using the article the, we’ve shown that it was one specific day that was long and one specific cup of tea that tasted good.

After a long day, a cup of tea tastes particularly good.

— By using the article a (or an if the noun or adjective begins with a vowel), we’ve created a general statement, implying that any cup of tea would taste good after any long day.

In Spanish, the rules are similar but we also have to take into account the gender of the noun and the number of items to which the noun refers.

Masculine words take el and feminine words take la for ‘the.’  Look at the below table:

English Spanish
Masculine Feminine
The (singular) El La
The (plural) Los Las
A / An Un Una
Some Unos Unas


The crowd is large La muchedumbre es grande
The nations are united Las naciones son unidas
The desk is green El pupitre es verde
The boys are tired Los niños están cansados
A city is dynamic Una ciudad es dinámica
Some women are talkative Unas mujers son habladoras
A button is lost Un botón está perdido
Some papers are long Unos papeles son largos

Here is another Señor Jordan video that goes over articles and gender.

If you want to see another short video focussing on the indefinite articles, you can click here.


I hope you found today’s lesson useful.  Does the idea of nouns having a gender make more sense now? The gender of these nouns determines what adjectives can be used to describe.  We’ll cover that soon!



If you enjoyed this post please LIKE or SHARE.  To learn more about Spanish Language, Latin American history and culture, FOLLOW Over The Andes today via WordPress or Facebook or subscribe to my mailing list.


  1. Diana Tyler (la muse excentrique) ☕ November 1, 2018 at 2:02 pm

    I read this lesson with excitement recalling what I remembered from my school days. Your lessons are always so easy to follow along.

    1. K D November 2, 2018 at 10:40 pm

      Thanks Diana! I need to head over to your blog soon. I’ve fallen so far behind on my bloghopping. I hope you are well.

      1. Diana Tyler (la muse excentrique) ☕ November 4, 2018 at 12:39 am

        You’re welcome, Kim. It’s okay, take your time. I also have some catching up to do. Yes, I am, thanks for asking and I trust that you are, too.

  2. Pingback: Spanish Lesson 11: Feelings - Over The Andes

  3. Pingback: Spanish Lesson 14: Adjectives ~ Adjetivos - Over The Andes

  4. Pingback: Spanglish Sunday 8 - Over The Andes

  5. Pingback: SPANISH LESSON 18: ¿Qué hora es? - Over The Andes

Leave A Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *