Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: The third archetype

  Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz was a 17th century nun, self-taught scholar and acclaimed writer of the Latin American colonial period. She was also a staunch advocate for women’s rights. (Biography.com)   In previous articles we explored the issue of gender in Latin America and how specifically women were/ are confined within two […]

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The Gender Constructs of Marianismo and Machismo and the Roles of La Malinche and the Virgen de Guadalupe (Part III)

  In Part 1 of this topic, we defined and compared Machismo and Marianismo.  In Part 2 we discussed the history and symbolism of La Virgen de Guadalupe.  In this third and final segment we will explore the second archetype against which women are judged: La Malinche.   Who was La Malinche? La Malinche (or Malinalli or Malintzin as […]

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The Gender Constructs of Marianismo and Machismo and the Roles of La Malinche and the Virgen de Guadalupe (Part II)

In Part 1 of this topic, we defined and compared Machismo and Marianismo.  In Parts 2  and 3 we’ll discuss the two archetypes against which women are judged: La Virgen de Guadalupe and La Malinche.  In academic literature they are sometimes referred to as the ‘saint’ and the ‘whore’ respectively.   Women are either perfectly godly or seductively […]

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The Gender Constructs of Marianismo and Machismo and the Roles of La Malinche and the Virgen de Guadalupe (Part I)

  One of the topics we cover in Intro to Latin American Studies is Gender in Latin America.  Of course, this is a huge topic, upon which many research studies, books, thesis papers and projects have been based.  To break down the subject matter a little, we usually address four concepts and, around them, fit […]

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